In this excerpt from the 1975 interview, GrandUncle Clarence

talks about water power and some of the aspects of logging

and lumber drives. I've seen some of those rafts of logs on

the rivers and lakes up in Maine and New Hampshire but

never knew just how much wood they could contain!

By the way, the "babbitt" Clarence talks about in the mill fire is a

metal alloy invented in Taunton, Massachusetts by Isaac Babbitt in

1839. According to Wikipedia, "Babbitt metal is most commonly

used in as a thin surface layer in a complex, multi-metal structure...

Lead-based Babbitt tends to work-harden and develop cracks but

it is suitable for constant-turning tools such as sawblades."

Here's Part 3:

"We figured 1,000 feet a second of water would give us 66,000 hp and

none of that waterpower is being used to generate electricity. It’s just

storage here and the same with the other dams.

From Middle dam down to Umbagog, I think the drop is 400 feet. It’s

five miles right down hill.

A string of turbines could run off that and there would be no need for
fuel oil from anyplace. I can’t understand it, why we don’t make

electricity from our own waterpower. Seems mighty strange to me.

We got the dams.

My grandfather was a farmer, always had horses. Father, when he first
started out, he worked between Andover and Rumford Point. There

was a mill there and father worked there. But his main job was in the

woods and on the drive. That’s about all there was. We worked in

the woods from fall to spring, come out and go on the drive. Over

and over. That was our work and just about our life too.

When my mill burned, the lightening went into the mill over the wire.
The transformer, they didn’t ground it. After the fire, we didn’t find

a trace of copper. The mainshaft was four inch and had babbitt

bearings and a concrete base. So I figured I could salvage some of

that babbitt.I’ll bet you can’t imagine what happened to them.

People outside watching the fire were brushing their faces. You’d

think the midges was too thick to see through. Not midges, mister,

it was that babbitt going up in the air and lighting on the people’s

faces. You wouldn’t believe it, spattering of the babbitts all over.

Didn’t we haul wood with horses. I’ll tell you, we had a router. It

went along with a knife in the runner and it just planed the grooves

for the runners. Then we came along with a sprinkler, a great big

water box on a set of sleds. They’d run the water into the runner

tracks, deep tracks mister. We could haul an awful load in those


The biggest load I ever heard of hauling was over here in the

Cupsuptic Valley, a fellow by the name of Pete Petegan. He hauled

21,000 feet of logs and he worked for Albert Bean of Milan at the


We used to cut the trees 40 feet and if we wanted boom logs we

took one of them and fitted it.

It takes 75 boom sticks 40 feet long to hold a million feet of wood.

100 sticks would hold two million feet afloat in the lake."

To be continued

((Originally published at "West in New England" 6Oct 2010))

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