James Bicknell, Jr. 1843-1906

Pitcher Pedigree

Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892 & James Bicknell 1810-1895

William Pitcher 1775-1832 & Betsey Adams 1784-1861

William Pitcher 1747-1824 & Mary Metcalf 1752-1834

Samuel Pitcher 1722- & Mary Ellis 1728-1763

Edward Pitcher 1686-1773 & Jane Lyon 1688-1769

Samuel Pitcher 1641-1717 & Mary Blake 1654-1721


Bicknell Pedigree

James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

James Bicknell 1776-1838 & Hannah Marshall 1779-1859

Joseph Bicknell 1754-1826 & Abigail Turner 1757-1840

Joseph Bicknell 1719-1782 & Jane Torrey 1722-1763

John Bicknell 1688-1779 & Hannah Humphrey 1692-1770

John Bicknell 1653-1737 & Sarah 1650-1730

John Bicknell 1623-1678 & Mary 1626-1658

Zachary Bicknell 1590-1637 & Agnis Lovell 1608-1643


James Bicknell, Jr.[1], was born in Belmont, Maine, the son of James Bicknell[2], Sr. and his 2nd wife, Elvira Pitcher[3], who were married there on September 26, 1842. James and Elvira Bicknell had five children.


James Bicknell, Sr. first married Hannah P. McKeen[4] on May 7, 1837 in Belfast, Maine and they had a daughter, Mary L. Bicknell[5]. The year after her daughter Mary was born, Hannah P. (McKeen) Bicknell died at age 31 and is buried in Hillside Cemetery in Belmont.


James Bicknell, Sr. and Elvira Pitcher had four other children: Ephraim Bicknell[6], who died at 3 months; Edmund Bicknell[7], William P. Bicknell[8] and Annette E. Bicknell[9], also known as Nellie E. Bicknell.


During the 1850 Census, James Bicknell 6, is living in Belmont with his parents, James Bicknell 39 and Alvira [sic] Bicknell 34, their children Mary L. Bicknell 10 and Edmond Bicknell 3. Hannah Bicknell 71, James Sr.’s mother, is also with the family, along with Henry C. Wing 20.


Mary Louise Bicknell 16, married 18-year-old James Barker[10] on October 19, 1856. They had 3 children born in Maine: Emery Herbert Barker[11], Elvira Caroline “Carrie” Barker[12] and James Edmund Barker[13].


The James Barker family including wife, Mary, son James and daughter Elvira C. Barker have moved to California before September 24, 1883, where James Barker, registers to vote in Pasadena.


James Barker’s mother, Caroline Nye[14], died when James was only 6 and his sister, Eliza Ann Barker[15] was only 3. Caroline Nye was the first cousin of Samuel Dunbar[16] - Murders at Montville - Chapter 1.


Eliza Ann Barker removed to Warren, Maine and was adopted by her great-uncle, Peter Fuller[17] and great-aunt, Phebe Fuller, who was the aunt of both Samuel Dunbar and Caroline Nye, Eliza Ann’s mother.


Eliza Ann Barker-Fuller never married and died in Warren of Consumption at age 67. She is buried in Riverview Cemetery, in Warren with her adopted parents, Peter Fuller and Phebe Dunbar[18] Fuller.


In 1860, James Bicknell 17, is still living in Belmont with parents, James Bicknell 50, Elvira Bicknell 42, siblings Edmond Bicknell 14, William Bicknell 7, Anniette [sic] Bicknell 5, Hanah [sic] Bicknell 79, James’ mother and a farm laborer, Washington Childs, age 24.


Annette E. Bicknell never married, moved to California, to live near her older half-sister, Mary L. (Bicknell) Barker. Annette E. Bicknell died in California at age 38 and is buried in Mountain View Cemetery and Mausoleum in Altadena, California, with her sister, Mary L. Barker.


James Bicknell, Jr. 24, married his 1st cousin, Josephine S. Neal[19] 22, on October 10, 1868 in Belmont. They moved to Lawrence, before the Census there on June 11, 1870, where Jas Bicknell, Jr. is a 26-year-old Clothing Dealer and his wife, Josephine Bicknell is 24 years old.


Josephine S. Neal was born in Morrill, Maine, the daughter of James Neal[20] and Harriet Pitcher[21], who were married on January 23, 1838 in Belfast, Maine and had 6 children. Harriet (Pitcher) Neal was the older sister of James Bicknell’s mother, Elvira (Pitcher) Bicknell.


From the Bicknell Genealogy:


“James (Bicknell) spent his early life on the farm at Belmont, until, at the age of twenty-five, becoming tired of farm life, he left Maine for a clerkship in a Boston clothing store and after six months’ experience in learning the salesman’s art, he set up a store, “a little ten-footer”, in Lawrence, Mass. Here he worked hard for three years before business became large enough to require the aid of his brother, Edmund, who, at the age of twenty-six had decided not to be a granger.


About 1852 (actually 1872), the little clothing store of James Bicknell, Jr., took on larger proportions, more goods and the firm name of Bicknell Brothers. Success followed success and larger stores flowed until in the Autumn (July) of 1879 (at 523 Essex St.), Bicknell Brothers opened in Lawrence one of the largest and best-appointed clothing houses in New England, outside of Boston. The Bicknell firm felt a justifiable pride in the fact that it had never borrowed a dollar to pay for a bill of goods and that it had never paid for a bill of merchandise with a promissory note. With success, came reasonable and well used wealth and the honorable names of the house of Bicknell Brothers of Lawrence Mass., will long outlive its enterprising founders.”


The daughter of James and Josephine Bicknell, Adelaide “Addie” Bicknell[22], was born in Lawrence. Addie was only 6 months old when her mother, Josephine died at age 29, in Lawrence. Josephine is buried in Morrill Village Cemetery, with her parents James and Harriet Neal.


On December 4, 1874, the brother and business partner of James Bicknell, Jr., Edmund Bicknell, married Susan B. Dyer[23] in Searsmont, Maine and they had three sons, who were born in Lawrence: Ralph Edmund Bicknell[24], Paul R. Bicknell[25] and Philip D. Bicknell[26].


Sadly, the 3 sons of Edmund and Susan Bicknell, all predeceased their parents; two as children and Ralph Bicknell at 22, of typhoid fever in Colorado Springs, Colorado. “Ralph’s Scrapbook” was published posthumously in 1905, by his father Edmund and is available here:




The biography of Edmund Bicknell is available here:




September 5, 1879 edition of the Lawrence American Newspaper: “Bicknell Bros., for permission to put a street light in front of the new block and maintain it at their own expense, granted.”


On April 6, 1883 the Lawrence American announced that Bicknell Bros. would again be expanding their business on Essex Street.


Increasing Store Accommodations


The new and elegant block of the Bicknell Bros., by the uninitiated, would be considered as affording simple accommodations for the business of this firm, but the fact is that each season, since they moved here in 1879, they have been obliged to enlarge their facilities and this spring have made a large addition thereto, having fitted up the basement of the building as a stock and store room. Here is a room 40 by 50 feet, lighted by 50 gas jets and from the ground glass walk windows. A floor of Georgia pine has been laid and the walls and ceiling are sheathed in the same, the latter tinted in mild colors. Five of the large brick piers which afforded a partial support of the building, have been removed and replaced with heavy oaken posts. There are 252 feet of continuous counters, two thirds of them boxed and lined on the bottom and sides with heavy paper, to be used for the storing of such goods as are out of season. Besides are seven tables of shellacked white-wood, each 36 inches wide, all laden with the choicest gents wearing apparel. In the rear are shelves for storing woolens in the piece and trimmings and tiers of drawers for custom patterns, the firm making a point to preserve of each measure taken, in order that the customer may, at any time, have a suit of clothing made without being remeasured. These patterns are alphabetically arranged and without a moment’s hesitation may be referred to on applications. At the east side is a closet 20 feet long and 6 feet wide, in which depend from hooks, the very best of gentlemen’s wear, manufactured by the firm’s gentlemen tailors during the dull seasons and custom-made garments in every sense of the term. Adjoining this apartment are sink, toilet, dressing and store rooms, all neatly and commodiously furnished. The apartment as a whole is a clothing store in itself, being provided with everything in the line of gentlemen’s apparel and goods here are displayed and can be shown to as good advantage as in the spacious saleroom on the upper floor.


The Messrs. Bicknell, notwithstanding their increased facilities, still find their quarters too limited for their business, which is constantly increasing and are making negotiations with the proprietors of the lot adjoining their building on the west, for a rental of a portion of the structure, which it is proposed to erect there at an early day. Every department of their store teems with new spring goods and a finer display of woolens and worsteds, foreign and domestic, has never been made by manufacturers of custom- made clothing in this vicinity. Of all articles in stock, duplicates are held and he who once pleased with a garment and desires another similar in style, may obtain it without the slightest inconvenience to himself or to the firm. In gent’s furnishing goods all tastes can be suited here, no larger or varied display of shirts, neckwear, hats, handkerchiefs, etc., is being presented in Lawrence, for public inspection.”


James’ and Edmund’s mother, Elvira Bicknell 73, died in Methuen, Massachusetts of Pneumonia and after her death, her widower, James Bicknell, Sr. made his home with James Bicknell, Jr., on 19 Bellevue Street in Lawrence. James Bicknell, Sr. died there at 84, of Old Age.


On April 30, 1896, in Lawrence, the daughter of James Bicknell and Josephine Neal, Miss Addie Bicknell 22, married Daniel Clark Smith[27] age 30, a Merchant, born in Manchester, New Hampshire.


In 1900, Daniel C. Smith 35, is employed as a Wholesale Grocer, living at 30 Highlawn Street, in Lawrence, with Adelaide Smith 26 and their daughter Josephine B. Smith, 2 years old.


Josephine Bicknell Smith[28], was born at 952 Essex Street, in Lawrence. The family lived at 1 Prospect Street in Lawrence, when second daughter, Adelaide A. Smith[29] is born.


Adeline Maude Smith[30], the 3rd daughter of Daniel and Adelaide Smith, was born in Lawrence General Hospital. Daniel C. Smith, a Real Estate Agent and Adelaide L. (Bicknell) Smith, are living at 30 Highlawn Avenue. This is the only record found for Adeline Maude Smith.


In 1910, in Lawrence, Ward 1, Donald [sic] C. Smith 43, Addie L. Smith 35, daughters Josephine B. Smith 12 and Adelaide A. Smith 4, live in relative comfort, with 2 servants. Addie L. Smith indicates that she is the mother of 2 children, with 2 alive, so perhaps Adelaide A. Smith, born 1905 and Adeline Maude Smith, born 1906 are the same child?


Daniel C. Smith 54, Adelaide Smith 45, with their 2 daughters, Josephine B. Smith 22 and Adelaide A. Smith 14, are still living at 30 Highlawn Avenue in 1920. Daniel C. Smith owns a Real Estate Firm.


Josephine B. Smith married Alton Davis Bryant[31] between 1920-1927 and Adelaide Amanda Bicknell Smith married Donald Randolph Waugh[32] on September 17, 1937, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1900, James Bicknell 56, widowed, lives at 25 Essex Street, in Lawrence Ward 4, with six lodgers in his home. James Bicknell is the owner of a clothing store according to this Census.


Shortly before his death, James Bicknell, the founder of Bicknell Brothers Clothing and Tailoring House, in Lawrence, sold the family business to Daniel A. Donahue[33].


"The store was at that time one of the largest and most elaborately appointed clothing houses in New England, outside of Boston. From the Style Book issued by the firm, we quote: ' Our competitors had a right to be jealous, and they were. They watched the growth of the so-called 'Mushroom Clothing House' and when our elaborate opening came, they were profuse in their prophecies of failure. While they were waiting for their prophecies to materialize, the people were encouraging Bicknell Brothers in their efforts to please them by their patronage, and thus our trade rapidly increased. In one feature of the management of our business, during these thirty-seven years we feel justified in claiming a degree of pride; namely, we have never borrowed a dollar with which to pay for a bill of goods. Neither have we ever paid for a bill of goods with a promissory note. The firm of Bicknell Brothers has in the front rank of clothing merchants Massachusetts its record for fair dealing courtesy and uprightness in dealing unsurpassed its enterprise and energy unexcelled and in many respects unequalled."[2]


James Bicknell, Jr. died in Lawrence at age 62 of Apoplexy[34]. He probably had suffered a stroke and died about a week later, in his home at #3 Highlawn Avenue.


James Bicknell left his daughter Adelaide “Addie” (Bicknell) Smith, wife of Daniel C. Smith, who was the informant for James’ death. The last record for Daniel C. Smith would be during the 1920 Census.


In addition to his daughter, Addie L. Smith, James Bicknell left his half-sister Mary L. (Bicknell) Barker, two brothers, William Bicknell and also, Edmund Bicknell, his former business partner of many years.


Curiously, in the days following his death, there is no notice given in the Lawrence American for James Bicknell’s funeral, although there was a publication on June 15, 1906 in which his will was proved. The executors of the will were James R. Simpson and Daniel C. Smith.


James Bicknell, Jr. is buried in Bellevue Cemetery in Lawrence according to his death record, but a memorial also exists for him with wife, Josephine S. (Neal) Bicknell, in Morrill Village Cemetery, in Maine.


In 1930, living in North Andover, Massachusetts are Addie L. Smith 56, Adelaide B. Smith 24, married daughter, Josephine S. Bryant 32, her husband, Alton B. Bryant 44 and their son Paul D. Bryant, age 1.


In 1940, Addie L. Smith 66, lives with her son-in-law, Alton Bryant 54, daughter, Josephine Bryant 42 and Paul Bryant[35] 11, their son. The 1940 Census is the last record known for Adelaide L. (Bicknell) Smith.


The James Bicknell Endowed Fund, was established by his great-grandson, retired University of Washington Professor, Daniel Waugh:




Daniel Waugh, Professor Emeritus, information is here:




Zachary Bicknell Family Genealogy at th Library of Congress:






Regarding James Bicknell and his farm in Maine:



[1] James Bicknell b Dec 4, 1843 d May 18, 1906; son of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

[2] James Bicknell b Jun 16, 1810 d Jan 3, 1895; son of James Bicknell 1775-1838 & Hannah Marshall 1779-1859

[3] Elvira Pitcher b Apr 1, 1818 d Jan 14, 1892; dau of William Pitcher 1775-1832 & Betsey Adams 1784-1861

[4] Hannah McKeen b 1809 d Jun 15, 1841; dau of Abner Graham McKeen 1774-1820 & Sarah Patterson 1779-1813

[5] Mary L. Bicknell b Feb 2, 1840 d Oct 3, 1929; dau of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Hannah P. McKeen 1809-1842

[6] Ephraim Bicknell b Oct 23, 1849 d Jan 31, 1850; son of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

[7] Edmund Bicknell b Jul 23, 1846 d May 15, 1913; son of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

[8] William Bicknell b Jan 14, 1852 d Aug 15, 1922; son of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

[9] Annette E. Bicknell b May 28, 1855 d Dec 1893; dau of James Bicknell 1810-1895 & Elvira Pitcher 1818-1892

[10] James Barker b Oct 10, 1828 d Nov 9, 1909; son of Israel Barker 1804-1872 & Caroline Nye 1804-1834

[11] Emery Herbert Barker b 1861 d bef 1890; son of James Barker 1828-1909 & Mary L. Bicknell 1840-1929

[12] Elvira C. Barker b Jun 22, 1874 d Jun 23, 1948; dau of James Barker 1828-1909 & Mary L. Bicknell 1840-1929

[13] James E. Barker b Sep 14, 1878 d 1927; son of James Barker 1828-1909 & Mary L. Bicknell 1840-1929

[14] Caroline Nye b Sep 22, 1804 d Mar 6, 1834; dau of Thomas Nye 1773-1827 & Anna Dunbar 1776-1858

[15] Eliza Ann Barker-Fuller b Aug 1, 1831 d Sep 11, 1898; dau of Israel Barker 1804-1872 & Caroline Nye 1804-1834

[16] Samuel Dunbar b Feb? 1800 d Mar 9, 1853; son of Henry K. Dunbar 1774-1805 & Sarah Bridges 1779-1864

[17] Peter Fuller b Apr 30, 1791 d Mar 20, 1866; son of Andrew Fuller 1758-1820 & Hannah Richards 1764-

[18] Phebe Dunbar b 1782 d Jun 11, 1860; dau of Daniel Dunbar 1748-1824 & Abigail Kingman 1749-1830

[19] Josephine S. Neal b Nov 2, 1845/6 d Jan 1875; dau of James Neal 1813-1902 & Harriet Pitcher 1816-1905

[20] James M. Neal b Dec 28, 1813 d 1902; son of John Neal 1779-1835 & Mary Furbish 1778-1855

[21] Harriet Pitcher b Jun 21, 1816 d 1905; dau of William Pitcher 1775-1832 & Betsey Adams 1784-1861

[22] Adelaide Bicknell b Aug 25, 1874 d 1940+; dau of James Bicknell 1844-1906 & Josephine S. Neal 1845-1875

[23] Susan Bennet Dyer b Apr 21, 1856 d 1933; dau of George Dyer 1815-1897 & Ruth A. Boardman 1823-1890

[24] Ralph E. Bicknell b Oct 31, 1881 d Mar 31, 1904; son of Edmund Bicknell 1846-1913 & Susan Dyer 1856-1933

[25] Paul R. Bicknell b Dec 1, 1886 d May 6, 1894; son of Edmund Bicknell 1846-1913 & Susan Dyer 1856-1933

[26] Philip Dyer Bicknell b Nov 30, 1895 d Sep 4, 1896; son of Edmund Bicknell 1846-1913 & Susan Dyer 1856-1933

[27] Daniel C. Smith b Apr 1865 d 1920+; son of Isaac W. Smith 1825-1898 & Amanda White Brown 1829-1913

[28] Josephine Smith b Sep 19, 1897 d 1942+; dau of Daniel C. Smith 1865-1920+ & Adelaide Bicknell 1874-1940+

[29] Adelaide Smith b Nov 3, 1905 d Oct 19, 1994; dau of Daniel C. Smith 1865-1920+ & Adelaide Bicknell 1874-1940+

[30] Adeline M. Smith b Dec 3, 1906 d bef 1910; dau of Daniel C. Smith 1865-1920+ & Adelaide Bicknell 1874-1940+

[31] Alton D. Bryant b Feb 14, 1885 d Sep 1971; son of Edmund F. Bryant 1855-1900+ & Mary Ellen Davis 1858-1925

[32] Donald R. Waugh b Jul 18, 1900 d Mar 13, 1974; son of Archie Elwin Waugh 1871- & Martha Adeline Sides 1873-

[33] Daniel A. Donohue b Feb 1867 d 1940+; son of John Donohue 1814-1880+ & Mary Laughlin 1829-1880+

[34] Apoplexy: incapacity resulting from a cerebral hemorrhage or stroke

[35] Paul D. Bryant b Aug 31, 1928 d May 27, 2004; son of Alton Bryant 1885-1971 & Josephine Smith 1897-1942+

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